The list of aircraft carriers of Soviet Union and Russia includes all aircraft carriers built by, proposed for, or in service with the naval forces of either the Soviet Union or Russia. Although listed as aircraft carriers, none of these ships (with the possible exception of the never built Ulyanovsk) was or is a true aircraft carrier. Speciffically, they were ASW helicopter equipped ships of aircraft-carrying cruisers, including the FADMSU Kuznetsov, the only carrier still in service with the Russian navy.
|Kiev||Kiev||Aircraft carrier||1975||1993||Sold to Chine|
|Minsk||Kiev||Aircraft carrier||1978||1993||Sold to Chine|
|Novorossiysk||Kiev||Aircraft carrier||1982||1993||Sold to South Korea|
|Admiral Gorshkov||Kiev||Aircraft carrier||1987||1996||Sold to India|
|Admiral Kuznetsov||Admiral Kuznetsov||Aircraft carrier||1991||In Russian Navy|
|Varyag||Admiral Kuznetsov||Aircraft carrier||Not completed|
|Ulyanovsk||Ulyanovsk||Aircraft carrier||Not completed|